Greensboro (/rinzbro/ (listen); formerly Greensborough) is a city in and the county seat of Guilford County, North Carolina, United States. It is the third-most populous city in North Carolina after Charlotte and Raleigh, the 69th-most populous city in the United States, and the largest city in the Piedmont Triad metropolitan region. At the 2020 census, its population was 299,035. Three major interstate highways (Interstate 40, Interstate 85, and Interstate 73) in the Piedmont region of central North Carolina were built to intersect at this city.
In 1808, Greensborough (the spelling before 1895) was planned around a central courthouse square to succeed Guilford Court House as the county seat. The county courts were thus placed closer to the county's geographical center, a location more easily reached at the time by the majority of the county's citizens, who traveled by horse or on foot.
In 2003, the previous GreensboroWinston-SalemHigh Point metropolitan statistical area was redefined by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget. The region was separated into the GreensboroHigh Point metropolitan area and the Winston-Salem metropolitan area. The 2010 population of the GreensboroHigh Point metropolis was 723,801. The combined statistical area (CSA) of GreensboroWinston-SalemHigh Point, commonly called the Piedmont Triad, had a population of 1,599,477.
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