Akron (/krn/) is the fifth-largest city in the U.S. state of Ohio and is the county seat of Summit County. It is located on the western edge of the Glaciated Allegheny Plateau, about 39 miles (63km) south of Lake Erie.
As of the 2015 Census estimate, the city proper had a total population of 197,542, making it the 119th-largest city in the United States. The Akron, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area covers Summit and Portage Counties, and in 2010 had a population of 703,200. It is also part of the larger Cleveland-Akron-Canton, OH Combined Statistical Area, which in 2013 had a population of 3,501,538, ranking 15th.
Co-founded along the Little Cuyahoga River in 1825 by Simon Perkins and Paul Williams, it was chosen as a strategic point at the summit of the developing Ohio and Erie Canal. The name is derived from the Greek word signifying a summit or high point. Due to Eliakim Crosby founding "North Akron" (Cascade) in 1833, "South" was added to its name until the two merged into an incorporated village in 1836. Neighboring settlements Kenmore and Ellet became annexed in 1929. Residents of the city are called "Akronites". It has had many nicknames, three of which are "Rubber Capital of the World", "Rubber City", and "City of Invention".
Akron became a manufacturing center owing to its location on the canal, as well as being connected to numerous others and railroad lines. With Goodyear, Gojo Industries, FirstEnergy, Huntington Bank (formerly known as FirstMerit Corporation), and Charter Spectrum among its employers, its economy has diversified sectors that include manufacturing, education, healthcare, and biomedical.
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